FFE Journal - Fakes Forgeries Experts

Articles from FFE #1

Typical "Album Weeds"

FFE #1

Fakes Forgeries Experts

Class: TR

A. Ronald Butler

A brief outline of FFE taxonomy, with examples: A faked stamp is a genuine stamp that has been altered with a view to enhancing its philatelic value. A forged stamp is a fraudulent imitation of a genuine stamp, overprint, surcharge or postal obliteration. The term "Expert" may apply to individuals as well as committees.

Stamp with cuts

FFE #1

Wondrous transformations

Class: TR

Albert Louis and Karl Albert Louis

Thirty-four illustrated and annotated examples (22 Great Britain, 12 Netherlands) of manipulations of rare classic material. Evidence is mainly gathered by comparative study of auction catalogues, old and new. Even unique and beautiful items are demonstrably "improved". Various types of manipulations are shown.

Letter from Ostroleka

FFE #1

Postal fraud in tsarist Russia

Class: TR

Zbigniew S. Mikulski

Classic Russia and Poland (no.1). Thirty-one illustrated examples of postal fraud, including triple use of a stamp. With historical and geographical context notes. Fraudulent re-use (removed ink cancellation, etc), 18 examples. Plus postal forgeries, 13 examples with different types and places of production and use of early 20th century forgeries of 7 k. and 70 kopeck, and 3.50 rubles.

Miscarried cancellation of a sheet

FFE #1

A rare stamp that should not be in existence

Class: TR

Emil Rellstab

PRO AERO 1938, 75 rappen, un-used ! - The cover article explains the background of the issue and how, rarely and only by mistake, a few copies of this stamp escaped cancellation. A forgery of the overprint is also described and shown.

10d undated

FFE #1

Mutton dressed as lamb

Class: TR

Alain Huggins

A warning for GB embossed stamps 1847-1854 imitated by manipulation of telegraph forms and stamped to order postal stationery imprinted with similar dies. A particular note of skepticism concerning the 'die 5' of 10d, which may be non-existent. Even certificated copies could all be cut from postal stationery.

Type 2

FFE #1

Forgeries of the second issue of Tibet

Class: TR

Wolfgang C. Hellrigl

Description and illustration of forged 4 tangka blue and 8 tangka red issue of 1914 (or perhaps 1920) in sheets of six. Nine different types appearing 1957-1992 (and a total of 39 distinct clichés). - By far, the classic Tibetan issue least plagued by forgeries !

Typographic forgeries

FFE #1

Recent Hong Kong forgeries

Class: TR

Andrew M. T. Cheung

1891 "Jubilee" overprint; mint Q. Victoria 4c; inverted watermarks; Q. Victoria 18c Wm. Crown CC; 1948 $10 silver wedding; 1990's "mystery" missing yellows; SPECIMENs; THREE on 5c on 18c postcard; QE Annigoni $10 glazed paper w. PVA gum; treaty port postmarks; modern postmarks - even FDC's.

Illustration from Otto Hornung

FFE #1

I got caught more than once

Class: TR

Otto Hornung

Personal experiences with repaired "1914 Sultans" of Turkey. A warning that probably manipulated covers are the main problems in Turkish philately. Since postal rates were little known, for long fakers had rich opportunity to "improve" covers by adding interesting stamps. Today, one must be wary of such covers.

Photo credits: Francese Graus

FFE #1

Forgeries and literature in the electronic era

Class: TR

Charles J. Peterson

An argument and a call for FIP and/or AIEP to establish a centralised web page with information on forgeries. With illustrations and examples from the commendable Spanish [Barcelona] "Graus-web", to be found [01/2006] at http://graus.com/pral.asp

Corrected design

FFE #1

New Zealand 1996 "Teddy Bear" health stamps

Class: TR

Colin G. Capill

Story of how the 40c health stamp 1996 was recalled (and replaced) three weeks before issue because the original design depicted an illegal position of a child seat in a car. A few stamps with the erroneous design were inadvertantly sold. The status of the miniature sheet with the incorrect design, however, is "not officially issued" as it was never sold "over the counter".

Advertisement of Hamilton's Continental Balloon Post

FFE #1

We need postal history expertisers

Class: TR

Ernst M. Cohn

A philosophically inclined article emphasizing challenges of postal history expertising. Subtitles: The improved cover - The bogus cover - The genuine cover - Expertizing covers - Conclusions. - Statement that experts too often fail to recognize grey (as opposed to back and white) situations where it is right to say "No opinion", or "Yes, but...".

The "T", (front)

FFE #1

Postage due handstamps of Malta - fakes

Class: TR

Anthony Fenech

Description and illustration of forged ½d and 7d postage due handstamps. Genuine use of those denominations is still unknown, but faked letters from the 'Matteo Tabone e figli' correspondence have surfaced with forged ½d and 7d postage due handstamps.

Illustration from Andrew Cronin

FFE #1

Russian varieties are not always what they seem

Class: TR

Andrew Cronin

Description and illustration of how double perforated and partially imperforate ("fantail") stamps from Russia/USSR have arisen. A warning that systematic "improvement" of fantails has taken place to produce all imperforate stamps with margins, typically by cutting away the partial three-sided perforation. Very few USSR stamps genuinely exist completely imperforate.

Exhibited cover Pacific 97

FFE #1

Forged cancellations used on cover Dutch East Indies, made by R. E. P. Maier, found in the PTT Museum, The Hague, Netherlands

Class: TR

Hendrik W. van der Vlist

Description and illustration of forged "prephilatelic" JAVA GENERAL POST OFFICE BATAVIA DOL=LORS STY=VERS and JAVA POST OFFICE SAMARANG DOL=LORS STY=VERS cancellations deriving from R. E. P. Maier (tried and convicted in 1963).

Area of Penny Black

FFE #1

1 May 1840 - The story of an investigation

Class: TR

Patrick C. Pearson

Story of how the 1 May 1840 lettersheet from the Smith correspondence was examined in 1997 by philatelic and forensic experts and finally declared authentic by the Expert Committee of the Royal Philatelic Society London in the face of two previous submissions (1978 and 1992) having yielded the opposite result. P. Holcombe and BPA already believed it to be genuine in 1992.

Original

FFE #1

Belgique - Falsification de marque postales

Class: TR

Leo De Clercq

Arched AFFR INSUFF handstamps on classic Belgian covers. Forged and genuine examples.

Christiania 6/7-1888

FFE #1

The only forgery I detected myself

Class: TR

Paul H. Jensen

A faked overprint on the rare 1888 Norwegian 3/5 öre postal stationery reply paid ("double") postcard (believed to have a genuine circulation of only 50 cards printed). The forgery is believed to be old and a copy has been found in collections in each of Belgium and Germany.

Comparison of forged  stamp

FFE #1

"Gronchi Rosa"

Class: TR

Giorgio Colla Asinelli

A dangerous forgery of the L. 205 "Gronchi Rosa" from 1961.

Graph of a fake dating ca 1940-1965

FFE #1

How are the philatelic experts organised in the FIP member federations?

Class: TR

Paolo Vollmeier

Results of a questionnaire. Summary of ten questions answered by 56 national philatelic federations.

Graph of a fake dating ca 1940-1965

FFE #1

New methods to identify fakes

Class: TR

Paolo Vollmeier

Mass spectrographic examination as applied to handstamps, forged and genuine, on prephilatelic letters from Italy, notably Venezia. With 22 illustrations.

Company stamp of Francois Fournier

FFE #1

The Fournier Collection at the Museum of Communication in Berne

Class: TR

Jean-Claude Lavanchy

Who was Francois Fournier? - Was he a counterfeiter, or not? - What do we know about his company's history? - With nine illustrations and some transcriptions of letters (in French).

Siam: 1 Att on 2 Atts, 1889

FFE #1

FIAP expert teams working at Asian international stamp exhibitions 1996-1997

Class: TR

Tay Peng Hian

Findings from TAIPEI '96 and HONG KONG '97. With nine illustrations and further recommendations.